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Ruth Triplett

Ruth Triplett


PROFESSOR
Sociology & Criminal Justice

Contact Information


Education/Credentials



  • Articles

    Monk-Turner, E., and Triplett, R. A. "Disciplinary Change: Hierarchies". Criminology and Criminal Justice
    Triplett, R. A., and Monk-Turner, E. “Criminology and Criminal Justice Curricula: The Defining of Two Fields of Study?”. Western Criminology Review
    Graham, R. S., and Triplett, R. A. (2016). "Capable Guardians in the Digital Environment: The Role of Digital Literacy in Reducing Phishing Victimization". Deviant Behavior pp. 1–12.
    Triplett, R. A., Payne, B. K., Collins, V., and Tapp, S. (2016). "Does “Violent” Mean “Bad”? Individual Definitions of Violence". Deviant Behavior, 37 (3), pp. 332–351.
    Sun, I. Y., Wu, B., Triplett, R. A., and Triplett, R. A. (2016). "The impact of media exposure and political party orientation on public perceptions of police in Taiwan". Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 39 (4), pp. 694–709.
    White, G. F., Gainey, R. R., and Triplett, R. A. (2015). "Alcohol outlets and neighborhood crime: a longitudinal analysis". Crime & Delinquency, 61 (6), pp. 851–872.
    Lee, A., Gainey, R. R., and Triplett, R. A. (2014). "Banking Options and Neighborhood Crime: Does Fringe Banking Increase Neighborhood Crime?". American Journal of Criminal Justice, 39 (3), pp. 549–570.
    Triplett, R. A., White, G. F., and Gainey, R. R. (2013). "Churches as neighborhood organizations and their relationship to street and domestic violent crime: The role of denomination, stability, and heterogeneity". Deviant Behavior, 34 (10), pp. 803–823.
    Triplett, R. A., Higgins, G., and Payne, B. K. (2013). "Experiences of domestic violence as a child and career choice". Journal of family violence, 28 (3), pp. 289–297.
    Wu, Y., Triplett, R. A., and Sun, I. Y. (2012). "Chinese immigrants’ contact with police". Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 35 (4), pp. 741–760.
    Payne, B. K., Triplett, R. A., and Higgins, G. E. (2011). "The relationship between self-control, witnessing domestic violence, and subsequent violence". Deviant Behavior, 32 (9), pp. 769–789.
    Triplett, R. A., and Monk-Turner, E. (2010). "Criminology and Criminal Justice: Differences in Programs at the Master’s Level". Sociological Research Online, 15 (1), pp. 7.
    Triplett, R. A., and Monk-Turner, E. (2010). “Where is Criminology? The Institutional Placement of Criminology with Sociology and Criminal Justice”. Criminal Justice Review, 35, pp. 5-31.
    Payne, B., and Triplett, R. A. (2009). "Assessing the Domestic Violence Training Needs of Benefits Workers". Journal of Family Violence, 24, pp. 243-253.
    Wu, Y., Sun, I., and Triplett, R. A. (2009). "Race, Class or Neighborhood Context: Which Matters More in Measuring Satisfaction with Police?". Justice Quarterly (1), pp. 125-156.
    Sun, I., and Triplett, R. A. (2008). “Differential Perceptions of Neighborhood Problems by Police and Residents: The Impact of Neighborhood-Level Characteristics”. Policing: An International Journal of Police Science and Management, 31 (1), pp. 435-455.
    Monk-Turner, E., Triplett, R. A., and Kim, G. (2006). “Criminology/Criminal Justice Representation in the Discipline of Sociology: Changes Between 1992 & 2002”. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 17 (2), pp. 323-335.
    Triplett, R. A., Sun, I. Y., and Gainey, R. R. (2005). "Social Disorganization and the Ability and Willingness to Enact Control: A Preliminary Test". Western Criminology Review, 6 (1), pp. 89-103.
    Sun, I. Y., Triplett, R. A., and Gainey, R. R. (2004). "Social Disorganization, Legitimacy of Local Institutions and Neighborhood Crime". Journal of Crime and Justice, 27 (1), pp. 33-60.
    Payne, B. K., Gainey, R. R., Triplett, R. A., and Danner, M. (2004). "What Drives Punitive Beliefs?: Demographic Characteristics and Justifications for Sentencing". Journal of Criminal Justice, 32, pp. 195-206.
    Sun, I., Triplett, R. A., and Gainey, R. R. (2004). “Neighborhood Characteristics and Crime: A Test of Sampson and Groves’ Model of Social Disorganization”. Western Criminology Review, 5 (1), pp. 1-16.
    Triplett, R. A., and Payne, B. (2004). “Problem Solving as Reinforcement in Adolescent Drug Use: Implications for Theory and Policy”. Journal of Criminal Justice, 32 (6), pp. 617-630.
    Payne, B. K., Gainey, R. R., Triplett, R. A., and Danner, M. (2003). "Justifications for the Probation Sanction among Residents of Virginia: Cool or Uncool?". Federal Probation, 67 (3), pp. 42-48.
    Sun, I. Y., Triplett, R. A., and Gainey, R. R. (2003). "Neighborhood Characteristics and Crime: A Test of Sampson and Groves’ Model of Social Disorganization". Western Criminological Review, 5, pp. 1-16.
    Jarjoura, R., and Triplett, R. A. (2003). “From Violent Juvenile Offenders to Dangerous Violent Criminals: A Test of Athens’ Theory”. Sociology of Crime, Law and Deviance, 4, pp. 147-173.
    Triplett, R. A., Gainey, R. R., and Sun, I. Y. (2003). “Institutional Strength, Social Control and Neighborhood Crime Rates”. Theoretical Criminology, 7, pp. 421-438.
    Jarjoura, R., and Triplett, R. A. (2002). “Growing Up Poor: Does Poverty Cause Delinquency?”. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 18 (2), pp. 159-188.
    Trulson, C., Triplett, R. A., and Snell, C. (2001). “Social Control in a School Setting: Evaluating a School-Based Boot Camp”. Crime and Delinquency, 47, pp. 573-609.
    Triplett, R. A., Mullings, J., and Scarborough, K. (1999). “Examining the Effect of Work-Home Conflict on Work-Related Stress among Correctional Officers”. Journal of Criminal Justice, 27, pp. 371-385.
    Trulson, C., and Triplett, R. A. (1999). “School-Based Juvenile Boot Camps: Evaluating Specialized Treatment and Rehabilitation (STAR)”. Journal for Juvenile Justice and Detention Services, 14, pp. 19-44.
    Kiyofumi, K., and Triplett, R. A. (1998). “An Examination of Gender and Race Effects on the Parental Appraisal Process: A Reanalysis of Matsueda’s Model”. Crime and Criminal Behavior, 25, pp. 382-400.
    Triplett, R. A., and Ross, T. (1998). “Developing Partnerships for Gang Intervention: The Role for Community Corrections”. Texas Probation, 13 (1), pp. 6-12.
    Jarjoura, R., and Triplett, R. A. (1997). "Delinquency and Class: A Test of the Proximity Principle". Justice Quarterly, 14, pp. 763-792.
    Triplett, R. A., and Jarjoura, R. (1997). "Specifying the Gender-Class-Crime Relationship: Exploring the Effects of Educational Expectations". Sociological Perspectives, 40 (2), pp. 293-323.
    Jarjoura, R., and Triplett, R. A. (1997). "The Effects of Social Area Characteristics on the Relationship between Social Class and Delinquency". Journal of Criminal Justice, 25 (2), pp. 125-140.
    Triplett, R. A. (1997). “Youth Gangs in Texas: Part II”. Texas Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics Program, 4 (4), pp. 1-11.
    Triplett, R. A. (1997). “Youth Gangs in Texas: Part I”. Texas Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics Program, 4 (3), pp. 1-7.
    Triplett, R. A., Mullings, J., and Scarborough, K. (1996). “Work-Related Stress and Coping Among Correctional Officers: Implications from Organizational Literature”. Journal of Criminal Justice, 24 (4), pp. 291-308.
    Triplett, R. A., and Myers, L. (1995). "Evaluating Contextual Patterns of Delinquency: Gender-Based Differences". Justice Quarterly, 12 (1), pp. 59-84.
    Triplett, R. A., and Miller, S. (1994). "Rape Case Processing In the Harris County, Texas Criminal Justice System: A Comparison Across Crime Types". Journal of Criminal Justice, 22 (1), pp. 13-26.
    Triplett, R. A., and Jarjoura, R. (1994). "Theoretical and Empirical Specification of a Model of Informal Labeling". Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 10 (3), pp. 241-276.
    Triplett, R. A. (1993). "The Conflict Perspective, Symbolic Interactionism and the Status Characteristics Hypothesis". Justice Quarterly, 10 (4), pp. 541-558.
    Paternoster, R., and Triplett, R. A. (1988). "Disaggregating Self-Reported Delinquency and Its Implications for Theory". Criminology, 26, pp. 591-625.
  • Book Chapters

    Chilton, R., and Triplett, R. A. (2015). "Class and Crime".International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier.
    Triplett, R. A. (2015). "Crime, Social Learning Theory of".Encyclopedia of Sociology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Triplett, R. A., and Upton, L. (2015). "Labeling Theory".The Handbook of Criminological Theory. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Triplett, R. A., Carmody, D. C., and Plass, P. S. (2008). “In Trouble and Ignored: Female Delinquents in America”.. Controversies in Juvenile Justice and Delinquency. LexisNexis/Anderson Publishing.
    Triplett, R. A., Carmody, D. C., and Plass, P. S. (2004). “Gender and Delinquency: Females Doing Crime,”. (pp. 215-234). Controversies in Juvenile Justice and Delinquency, LexisNexis/Anderson Publishing.
    Triplett, R. A. (2000). “The Dramatization of Evil: Reacting to Juvenile Delinquency During the 1990’s”. (pp. 121-138). Boston, MA: Pine Forge Press.
    Bennett, K., Johnson, W., and Triplett, R. A. (1998). “The Role of the Media in Reintegrative Shaming: A Content Analysis”. (pp. 142-156). Belmont CA: West/Wadsworth Publishing Co..
    Triplett, R. A. (1996). “The Growing Threat: Gangs and Juvenile Offenders”. (pp. 137-150). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Wellford, C., and Triplett, R. A. (1993). "The Future of Labeling: Theory: Foundations and Promises". (pp. 1-22). New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.
  • Presentations

    Payne, B., and Triplett, R. A. (November, 2007). Abuse Experiences of Human Services Professionals and Members of the Public Atlanta, Georgia.
    Triplett, R. A., Yuning, W., and Sun, I. (November, 2007). Organization, Disorganization and Levels of Community Crime Atlanta, Georgia.
    Triplett, R. A., Gainey, R. R., and Sun, I. (November, 2006). The Role of Churches in Socially Disorganized Neighborhoods presented at Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology Los Angeles.
    Sun, I., Gainey, R. R., and Triplett, R. A. (November, 2004). Assessing the Role of the Strength of Neighborhood-Based Institutions in Neighborhood Rates of Crime Nashville, TN.
    Triplett, R. A. (November, 2004). Changing Times: Criminology from the First to the Second World War Nashville, TN.
    Triplett, R. A. (November, 2004). Changing Times: Criminology from the First to the Second World War Nashville, Tennessee.
    Gainey, R. R., Sun, I., and Triplett, R. A. (November, 2003). Measuring Institutional Strength: Examining the Role of Neighborhood-Based Institutions in Understanding Neighborhood Rates of Crime Denver, Colorado.
    Triplett, R. A., Sun, I., and Gainey, R. R. (November, 2002). Public Services and the Willingness to Enact Control: Expanding Our Understanding of Neighborhood Crime Rates presented at Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology Chicago, IL.
    Payne, B. K., Gainey, R. R., Triplett, R. A., and Danner, M. (2001). Sentencing and Punishment Justification: Has the Public Cooled Off? Atlanta, GA.
    Gainey, R. R., Triplett, R. A., and Sun, I. (November, 2001). Exploring Neighborhood Violent Crime Rates Over Time: Newport News (1989-2000) presented at Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology Atlanta, GA.
    Jarjoura, R., and Triplett, R. A. (November, 2001). From Violent Juvenile Offenders to Dangerous Violent Criminals: A Test of Athens’ Theory Atlanta, Georgia .
    Gainey, R. R., Triplett, R. A., and Sun, I. (November, 2001). Social Disorganization and Violent Crime in the 'Burbs' Atlanta, Georgia .
    Sims, B., and Triplett, R. A. (November, 2000). The Contribution of Symbolic Interactionism to Critical Criminology San Francisco .
    Jarjoura, R., Triplett, R. A., and Snell, C. (November, 1999). Context and Delinquency Among the Poor in Urban and Rural Areas Toronto.
    Triplett, R. A. (November, 1998). Poverty and Childhood Outcomes in Rural and Urban Areas Washington DC .
    Barnhill, B., and Triplett, R. A. (March, 1998). The First Year of the Gulf Coast Conservation Core: An Evaluation of an Alternative Sanctions Unity Albuquerque, New Mexico .
    Snell, C., Adams, K., Triplett, R. A., and Horton, N. (November, 1997). A Juvenile Boot Camp within a School Setting: The S.T.A.R. Program San Diego.
    Triplett, R. A., and Cook, J. (November, 1997). American Culture, the Expectation of Rejection and Deviant Outcomes San Diego.
    Triplett, R. A., and Jarjoura, R. (November, 1996). Class, School and Delinquency Chicago, Illinois .
    Triplett, R. A., and Cook, J. (November, 1996). Exploring Community and Offender Perceptions: Applying Link’s Theory to Criminals Chicago, IL.
    Jarjoura, R., and Triplett, R. A. (November, 1995). Growing up Poor – Does Poverty Cause Delinquency? Boston, Massachusetts .
    Triplett, R. A., and Jarjoura, R. (November, 1995). Intersecting Class, Gender and Crime Miami, Florida .
    Farnworth, M., and Triplett, R. A. (November, 1994). Status as Reputation: Theorized and Empirical Implications for Delinquency Miami, FL.
    Mullings, J., Scarborough, K., and Triplett, R. A. (November, 1994). Stress and Coping among Correctional Officers: An Empirical Analysis Miami, FL.
    Jarjoura, R., and Triplett, R. A. (October, 1993). The Relationship between Crime and Alternative Measures of Class Phoenix, AZ.
    Triplett, R. A., and Jarjoura, R. (November, 1992). The Effects of Labeling on Initiation into Delinquent Behavior: A Test for No Effects New Orleans, LA.
    Triplett, R. A. (November, 1991). The Capital Juror Project in Texas San Francisco, CA.
    Jarjoura, R., and Triplett, R. A. (November, 1991). The Effects of Social Area Characteristics on the Relationship between Social Class and Delinquency San Francisco, CA.
    Triplett, R. A. (November, 1990). The Effects of Labels on Delinquent Behavior: An Empirical Assessment .
    Triplett, R. A. (November, 1989). Subjective Labels and Differential Association: The Effects on Delinquency Reno, Nevada .
    Triplett, R. A. (November, 1988). The Influence of Self-Esteem on Delinquency Chicago, Illinois .
  • Awarded $1,000 to attend ICPSR 9th Annual NIJ Data Resources Program Workshop
  • 2014: Charles O. amd Elisabeth Burgess Faculty Research and Creativity Award , College of Arts and Letters, Old Dominion University
  • 2013: Senior Scholar Lecture , College of Arts and Letters, Old Dominion University
  • 2005: University Professor, Old Dominion University
  • 2000: Outstanding Teacher of the Year, Disability Services, Old Dominion University
  • Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

    Sumter, M. T.; Gainey, R. R.; Vandecar-Burdin, T.; Triplett, R. A. "Portsmouth Violence and Crime Reversal Initiative - Public Safety Needs Assessment" $42,000. Local. 2016 - 2017
    Gainey, R. R.; Triplett, R. A.; Vandecar-Burdin, T. "Proposal to Conduct a Comprehensive Youth Assessment Project for the City of Norfolk" $38,000. Local. 2010 - 2010
    Triplett, R. A.; Adams, K. "“An Evaluation of the Specialized Treatment and Rehabilitation Program” " . 1996 - 1997